The MSPCA said the rabbits condition had become "unsanitary," and their dietary needs weren't being met.
"Everyone knows rabbits can reproduce very quickly, and I think this is a case where people got overwhelmed with the numbers," said the MSPCA's Mike Keiley.
The rabbits are New Zealand-Dutch mixes. The same owner also gave up seven chickens from the same home. The rabbits range in age between five weeks to about a year old.
The MSPCA is calling on members of the community to adopt the animals to friendly homes.
WBZ's Kim Tunnicliffe (@KimWBZ) has more: